The Juba dance was originally brought by Kongo slaves to Charleston, South Carolina .  It became an African-American plantation dance that was performed by slaves during their gatherings when no rhythm instruments were allowed due to fear of secret codes hidden in the drumming. The sounds were also used just as Yoruba and Haitian talking drums were used to communicate.  [ unreliable source? ] The dance was performed in Dutch Guiana, the Caribbean, and the southern United States.